Since the early s, Bhindranwale was supported by Pakistan’s ISI on his radical separatist stand, plans and operations. Atwal was shot dead as he left the Harmandir Sahib compound by a gunman from Bhindranwale’s group. Bhindranwale attained the religious title of “Sant”, also held by around eight thousand Sikhs in Punjab. Essays in Honour of Professors Harold G. The mob roused by Bhindranwale’s speech opened fire on the police who were taking him away.
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Troops raid Golden Temple”. On 13 Aprilthe day to celebrate the birth of Khalsaa peaceful Sant Nirankari convention was organized in Amritsar, with permission from the Akali state government. Bhindranwale’s group were killing the Sikhs who had been speaking against Saht and the idea of Khalistan.
In NovemberAkali leader Longowal announced that the Akali Dal would disrupt the Asian Games that as to be held in Delhi by sending teams of Akali workers to Delhi to protest and court arrest.
After the operation Blue Star, it was found that the militants had even set up a facility to manufacture grenade and to fabricate sten-guns inside the temple complex.
University of California Press. Bhindranwale then surrendered himself to the police for arrest and was being taken to a circuit house guest house instead of prison.
Leaders of Damdami Taksaal
After absconding for several days, Bhindranwale secured himself in his fortified Gurdwara Gurdarshan Parkash located at Mehta Chowk. Sensing a prospect of his arrest from the hostel premises, he convinced the SGPC president Tohra to set up his headquarter in Akal Takht Shrine representing the temporal power of God in the Golden temple.
At the agreed time he emerged address a large crowd of his followers who armed with spears, swords and several firearms. Bhindranwale was originally not very influential, but the activities of Congress elevated him to the status of a major leader by the early s.
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Government publication, National government publication. Sikh Educational and Religious Foundation. According to Lieutenant General Kuldip Singh Brarwho commanded the operation, the body of Bhindranwale was identified by a number of agencies, including the police, the Intelligence Bureau and militants in the Army’s custody. Among the prominent ones was Giani Partap Singh, an eighty year old spiritual leader and a former Jathedar of the Akal Takht, Partap had openly criticised Bhindranwale for stockpiling firearms and weapons in the Akal Takht.
Atwal was shot dead as he sannt the Harmandir Sahib compound by a gunman from Bhindranwale’s group. The FIR named nearly twenty people involved in the murder, most of whom had ties to Bhindranwale.
Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 17 March Retrieved 14 June As the days went by the law and order situation further deteriorated and violence around the complex escalated. Confrontation, Assassination, and Succession, by Robert L. Coward and Ronald W. India Today 35th anniversary. Views Read Edit View history.
Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale
Bhindranwale has remained a controversial figure in Indian history. Trucks that were engaged for kar seva religious service and bringing in supplies needed for the daily langar were used for bringing in guns and ammunition into the Golden Temple.
He quickly became the favourite student of Kartar Singh. Retrieved 11 January Bhindranwale rise in popularity is accredited to his alleged role as an agent of India’s Congress party, particularly through his connection with former Congress CM and later President Zail Singh. Jarnaiil a random check, one truck was stopped and many sten guns and large quantity of ammunition was found.
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The bus contained written records of sermons of Bhindranwale for posterity. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from ” https: Sqnt in Honour of Professors Harold G. The mob roused by Bhindranwale’s speech opened fire on the police who were taking him away. Retrieved 13 April